Shopaholic is linked with Depression

shopaholic and depression

The news report in Times of India has  reported that researchers have linked shopping addiction to symptoms of depression and low self-esteem in women who may use shopping as an escape mechanism to cope with unpleasant feelings.  They found the people who scored high in the personality traits such as extroversion and neuroticism are more prone to develop shopping addiction. On the other hand people who are conscientious, agreeable and who like new and intellectual stimuli are less at risk from shopping addiction, researchers said.

For the news link, click  here

 

 

बिर्सने बानीसँग कसरी जुझ्ने?

forgetfulness

उमेर ढल्किदै गएपछी स्मरण शक्ति घट्ने प्रबल सम्भावना हुन्छ | यो समस्यासंग कसरि जुध्न सकिन्छ?  यस जिज्ञासाको समाधानको लागि बिबिसीले एउटा अनुसन्धान गरेको छ |  मान्छेको स्मरण शक्ति उसको मानसिक स्वास्थासंग जोडिएको हुन्छा | यो तथ्यलाई ख्याल गरी न्यूक्यासल विश्वविद्यालयको सहयोगमा ३० जना स्वयंसेवीहरुमा खोज गरेको थियो |  ती स्वयंसेवीलाई तीनवटा समूहमा छुट्याएर अर्को आठ हप्ताका लागि एउटा निश्चित काममा खटाइएको थियो।एउटा समूहलाई  दिनको तीन घन्टा तीब्र गतिमा हिँड्नका लागि भनिएको थियो ताकि उनीहरुको स्वासप्रस्वास बेस्सरी बढोस्। दोस्रो समूहलाई शब्द र अंकहरु मिलाउनुपर्ने कोठेपद र सुडोकु जस्ता खेलहरु पूरा गर्न भनिएको थियो।यो पनि उनीहरुले प्रत्येक हप्ता तीन घन्टाको लागि गर्नुपर्थ्यो| तेस्रो तथा अन्तिम समूहलाई चाहिँ अथवा, नामको नग्न पुरुषको चित्र बनाउनुपर्ने एउटा चित्रकला कक्षामा सहभागी हुन भनिएको थियो। सबै समूहहरुले आफूमा केही सुधार भएको पाए। तर सबैभन्दा बढी प्रगति भने कलाको कक्षा लिनेहरुमा देखियो। किन तेश्रो समुहमा बढी प्रगति देखियो  त ? यो थाहा पाउनलाई बीबीसिको यो लिंकमा गएर लेख पढ़नुसक्नुहुन्छ

http://www.bbc.com/nepali/news/2015/07/150721_memory_loss

www-bbc-com

Hight potent Cannabis increases the risk of psychosis three fold

Smoking potent cannabis was linked to 24% of new psychosis cases analysed in a study by King’s College
London. The research suggests the risk of psychosis is three times higher for users of potent “skunk-like” cannabis
users than non-users. The study of 780 people was carried out by KCL’s
Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience. 
For more detailed news click :
m.bbc.com/news/health-31480234?ocid=socialflow_twitter#

Can selfie tell your underlying personality?

selfie-mental-disorder

Can selfie tell your underlying personality?

Sujan Shrestha

Human psyche is always evolving and changing. The dynamic nature of the personality makes the study and determination of the personality of person difficult. Personality is not only what is shown or manifested outside. The things which are in our unconscious and hidden inside are also the important components of personality. Sometimes we show the behaviour that is actually not us. So the observable behaviours do not necessarily sum up our personality. In today’s world it’s increasingly getting difficult to observe the behaviours of the people since facebook , twitter , instagram and like have come into the mix of personality of a person. A social network has become a new tool for psychologists to learn more about human behaviours. Hence many researches are happening in this regard.  In the world of social networking, one term ‘selfie’ has attracted a considerable attention. It has become a smashing hit and common trendz with the people. Selfie has become a global phenomenon. Once in a while everyone has taken a selfie in their life time in this century because of the wide accessibility and advancement of technology.

“Selfie” became so phenomenal that in the quick span of time Oxford Dictionary acknowledged the term in 2013 and defined as “a photograph that one has taken of oneself, typically one taken with a smartphone or webcam and shared via social media.” It undoubtedly has pulled a lot of attention of psychologists. In 2014, APA (American Psychiatric Association) has classified obsessive selfie taking as “selfie disorder”. The interesting question can be what is the relation between selfie and personality of a person? Can it be anyway related to an aspect of personality?

image

Recently a research done by Ohio State University researchers found that men who posted more online photos of themselves than others scored higher on measures of narcissism and psychopathy. In addition, men who were more likely to edit their selfies before posting scored higher in narcissim and self-objectification.

This research clearly indicates the personality trait of over indulgence of selfie takers. If someone is obsessed with selfie, then it might be the reason that the person is narcissistic who have the feeling of superiority over others and wants constant attention and appreciation from others. And another indication could be the person is self-objectifying which points out to the tendency to view one’s body as an object based on its sexual worth. It is a very worrying condition because it can lead to depression and eating disorders. Another indication is quiet surprising as heavy selfie takers scored higher on antisocial personality trait and psychopathy which implies the person has lack of empathy and very impulsive. Those scored higher on psychopathy although indulged excessively on selfie taking but not on editing before posting. The research was mainly done on men or male samples and the scientist believes the finding more or less can be applied to female as well and the follow up study is being conducted.

Apparently the thoughtless act of posting selfies might sound a point of not much concern but selfies can tell your personality on the basis of its usage and its frequency. But it should not be considered that the selfie taking act alone itself is wrong. Actually its normal and it has posed the way of self-presentation. But the excessive indulgence can be the symptoms of above mentioned disorders. Checking facebook and instagram profile of a person can give a pretty good sense and knowledge about a person to a psychologist. It has become a remarkable tool to analyse the person’s behaviour but on the same time has posed an added challenge of dealing with new disorders as well .

After going through the article you might be little bit of suspicious of having above mentioned disorders but I ask you not to freak out because its fun to take selfies. But if its affecting your self concept and self esteem and it’s the first thing you do after you wake up and the last thing before you sleep then you might want to visit psychiatrist or psychologist.

References:

1) http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/close-encounters/201501/are-selfies-sign-narcissism-and-psychopathy

2) http://psychcentral.com/news/2015/01/07/posting-of-selfies-may-suggest-personality-issues/79579.html

(The writer is a psychology student and the founder and chief-editor of the blog psychbigyaan)

Antidepressant or Therapy??

If a patient is diagnosed with depression which one of the either antidepressant or therapy would be suitable for the patient? Many would go for antidepressant undoubtedly and rarely go for therapy. There’s no evidence to prove that one of them is better than the other. But the new study has suggested that the efficacy of the treatment depends upon the brain activity of the patient.

Dr. Helen Mayberg, a professor of psychiatry at EmoryUniversity, recently published a study in JAMA Psychiatry that identified a potential biomarker in the brain that could predict whether a depressed patient would respond better to psychotherapy or antidepressant medication.

The patients whose brain region, anterior insula, were found to have low activity, they reacted effectively to CBT(cognitibe behavioral therapy) and those had high activity in insula reacted effectively to antedepressant. ( but this does not apply to psychotic depression)

In another multicenter study, Dr. Charles Nemeroff , then a professor of psychiatry at Emory and now at the
University of Miami, found that for depressed adults without a history of abuse, there was a clear ranking
order of treatment efficacy: Combined psychotherapy (using a form of cognitive behavior therapy) and an
antidepressant (in this case, Serzone) was superior to either treatment alone. But for those who had a history
of childhood trauma, the results were strikingly different: 48 percent of these patients achieved remission with
psychotherapy alone, but only 33 percent of these patients responded to an antidepressant alone. The combination of psychotherapy and a drug was not significantly better than psychotherapy alone.

Imagine if one day the brain scan wud be simple as finger print scan and according to your brain activity you would be prescribed either antedepressant or psychotherapy or both of it together. This would greatly reduce the trial and error approach of the doctors and save the patient from wrongful treatment.

For full newsarticle of the research, read on the following link: click here

Excessive guilt in childhood positively corelates with Adulthood Depression

Some scientists now believe that extreme feelings of guilt in children, can be a strong warning sign for mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder
(OCD), and bipolar disorder later on in life. Research has long linked excessive feelings of guilt to mental disorders in adults—the DSM-V lists feelings of
excessive guilt as a symptom for depression. But researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have
found that excessive guilt in children might be linked to a part of the brain that is connected to controls for several different mental disorders.

As a part of a 12-year study, the researchers looked at a part of the brain called the anterior insula, which
regulates perception, self-awareness,and emotion. Smaller anterior insulas have been linked to anxiety disorders , depression, schizophrenia, and other mood disorders .The researchers took brain scans of 145 school-aged children. They also asked the caregivers to identify whether their kids had exhibited any symptoms of excessive guilt, such as apologizing constantly for minor misbehavior or feeling guilty about things that had happened a long time ago. The researchers found that feelings of extreme guilt correlated highly with smaller anterior insulas. And smaller insula is peedictive to later occurance of depression in later life.

More detailed report of the research on:
http://m.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/01/childhood-guilt-adult-depression/384176/